The second most important museum of Madrid is the Reina Sofia Museum, usually called the Reina Sofia. It is part of the so-called “Golden Triangle of Art”, which also includes Prado Museum and Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. Its collection only started when Prado Museum finished theirs during the early 20th century. The museum focuses on surrealism, cubism, expressionism and other movements of Art Noveau and Avant-garde theme of paintings and sculptures.
This museum is famous worldwide for having one of the greatest paintings of the History: Guernica, by the famous Spanish painter Pablo Picasso. Also every year, it is hosting many contemporary exhibitions to gather to Madrid some of the renowned artist during the moment. People can easily visit the museum by boarding the train and getting off in Atocha Station, boarding the Metro and getting off at Atocha Renfe Station (Line 1) or bus lines that passes near the area.
The Reina Sofia Museum has a long and colourful history. It was projected in an old hospital around the 18th century by José de Hermosilla and completed by the King Charles III’s favourite architect Francesco Sabatini. Back in the old days, it has four floors with its sober, straight lines style and white stone applied to every floor. During the late 20th century, the museum decided that they need an extension due to the increasing capacity of the visitors and the work of arts.
Architect Jean Nouvel was the one who took responsibility in the extension. A new building was created with metal and glass with a style of red colour to make the visitors feel the old Madrid tradition. The new building also includes a modern library where it was considered as the quietest and most peaceful part of the complex. Back then, when another building was created far from this place, the Crystal Palace of the Retiro Park is the place where some exhibitions hold during the year.
As mentioned earlier, the Reina Sofia Museum was very famous worldwide for having Spanish Pablo Picasso’s Guernica (1937). This painting is visited by thousands of visitors from all over the world in order to have a closer look of the painting. Guernica painting is the bombing of Guernica that took place in this town of Basque Country in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. Great Pablo Picasso was living in Paris that time. When he read the terrible news through the newspaper, he immediately started painting the horrifying event. Using only black and white paint colours with many symbols such as a bull, a lamp and a horse, the painting was created. It was entirely huge to that point where the museum needed an entire hall in order to display it perfectly.
Since 1981, the painting was situated in Spain to relive Picasso’s dream, he wanted Guernica to be in his homeland. Guernica was displayed in the museum since 1992 celebrating his 20th anniversary with a very special exhibition. Guernica isn’t the only Picasso’s work of art in the museum; there are many others that focus on youth and cubism periods. A visit to Reina Sofia is a very worthwhile experience enjoying contemporary exhibitions. This museum has around 2.3 million visitors every year and it is increasing each and every time.