Hailed as one of the most important in the world and the main art gallery in the country, Prado Museum displays art pieces central to the European Art History. The works of such esteemed artists as Diego de Velazquez, Francisco de Goya, Peter Paul Rubens and Hieronymus Bosch or Titian and other masterpiece of the period from the 12 to 19 century will capture the imagination and interest of anyone seeing the collection.
As disinterest of rulers to politics would lead to gains in the promotion of art, the reign of Phillip IV of the Habsburg Dynasty during the 17th century is considered as the Golden Age of Spanish Art. The monarchy collected the best and finest works of the time, which are preserved in the museum up to this day.
The museum displays works of great artists of the country. One of them is Diego de Velazquez, Court painter of Phillip IV. His paintings include Los Barrachos (portraits during his youth and adult age), The Surrender of Breda (depicting the Eighty Years’ War) and Las Meninas (self- portrait of Phillip IV and collectively, with his family).
Another painter whose works are displayed in the museum is Francisco de Goya whose style has seen gradual shift from pre- eminence of bright blues depicting aspects of the Madrid life to that with a stronger tone. Most notable of his works are La maja vestida and La maja desnuda and the famous Black Painting. Also worthy of admiration is his collection of paintings showing the situation of the country under French Occupation led by Napoleon Bonaparte such as The Execution of Principe Pio.
Although a Greek by blood, El Greco spent most of his career in Toledo in the 15 century. His style, evident in the paintings The Trinity and the Knight with his hand on his Breast, is highly personal and precursor of Mannerism Art.
Being a part of the Spanish Empire and many Flemish painters being hired by the royal house, there is little question as to the linkage of the Flanders to the Spanish Royal Family. This is further justified by the 90 paintings of Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens displayed in the Prado Museum. He worked on mythological theme and religious tone. The Three Graces and The Judgement in Paris are examples of the former while the latter found expression in the work The Adoration of the Magi and Adam.
Apart from this, the role of the Flemish Primitive School, led by Hieronymous Bosch as a precursor according to many experts of Surrealism art, is worth mentioning. The works The Gar den of Earthly Delights and The Haywain Triptych are just some that are in the museum.
Italian paintings are most prevalent in the Prado Museum during the 14 to 19 The likes of Fra Angelico, Da Messina, Botticelli and Mantegna who represent the first Italian Renaissance have works displayed in the museum. The Venetian School, however, has the greater number of works. Spanish monarchs brought such paintings as Christ Washing the Disciples’ Feet by Tintoretto, Charles V a Muhlberg by Titian or Venus and Adonis by Veronese. Other painters whose work is in the museum include Raphael, Luca Giordano, Corregio and Bassano and Caravaggio with his famous David Defeating Goliath.
Prado Museum is worth visiting not only for its collection, but also for the architecture of the building itself. It being close to other museums such as Reina Sofia and Thyssen Bornemisza and the Atocha Metro Station speak for the accessibility of the place where art treasures are just waiting for their inherent beauty to be shared.
The same architect that designed the Plaza Mayor Juan de Villanueva planned the configuration of the museum. It is made up of brick and granite in Madrilenian architectural style. Renovations in the structure where done such as the creation of a new wing to accommodate other Renaissance art and short exhibitions