Casa de Campo is the biggest park in Madrid (1,700 hectares) with rich flora and fauna. It is a place for recreational activities and can be reached by Metro Stations (Lago and Batan, line 10), bus and bike.
Casa de Campo is a remnant of a thick wooden forest in the Iberian Peninsula, along with Pardo Mountain and Dehesa de la Villa Park. King Phillip II’s love for hunting, which is the usual leisure in the place, encouraged him to transfer his court to Madrid. The name of the park itself is derived from the name of the palace then situated here and owned by the Vargas Family. The building was then used by kings for their hunting interests.
The place is home to 87 types of birds, 20 forms of mammals, 14 kinds of reptiles and several amphibians and fishes. As regards the vegetation, there are a lot of holm oak but there are also a significant number of field elms, chestnuts and ashes, among others.
Casa de Campo has a lot to offer. There is the Parque de Atracciones, visible from such other attractions as Parque del Oeste and Temple of Debod, which boasts thrills and physical activities. Its zoo is also a field of enthusiasm with 6,000 animals of 500 species, most notable of which are the pandas, the koalas, the primates and the dolphins. It is formally situated in the Retiro Park but was moved here in 1972.
A lake where people can practice canoeing, kayak, Olympic rowing and other water sports is found near the main entrance. The park is also a place for mountain biking. The concerns on the preponderance of prostitutes in the area require attention from the city government to maintain the traction made by the site to tourists.